The Level of Digital Literacy of Senior High School Students 

MARIA REBECCA B. TALLEDO 0000-0002-5389-527X
Abra State Institute of Sciences and Technology
Lagangilang, Abra, Philippines


Digital literacy entails the ability of the students to use, analyze, evaluate, and create technology driven media and materials.  The digital literacies of the senior high school students are sustained and enhanced through the varied engaging activities designed by their teachers.  It is expected that learners acquire better learning when how they are taught the way they learn.

The study focuses on the level of digital literacy skills of the senior high school students who come from the selected secondary schools which are feeder schools of ASIST. A descriptive-correlational research designs were employed.  Three instruments were used to gather the data.   These describe the profile of the respondents, revealed the extent of the practice of classroom activities along various teaching-learning strategies and evaluated the digital literacy skills of students.  The instruments subjected for validation by the selected school principals and master teachers received high reliability results.  A letter of intent was personally delivered to the school heads of the feeder schools for the schedule of data gathering. Frequency count, correlation analysis, and regression analysis were used as statistical tools to answer the problem.

Most of the respondents’ access google and use Facebook and Messenger. They assessed that classroom activities along knowledge construction, reflective and collaborative learning approaches are very highly practiced.  They were described to have thorough knowledge and skills in their information, media, and technology literacies.  Their access of wattpads and the number of social media apps, being used got negative correlations with how they construct knowledge.  Furthermore, knowledge construction and reflective learning approaches made a negative impact the students’ information and media literacy skills.  Further, there was a positive effect on the students’ media literacy made by the collaborative activities employed in the classrooms.


Digital Literacy, Teaching Approaches, Information, Media and Technology Skills


David, L., (2015), Constructivism – Learning Theories, retrieved from

Eshet, Y. (2004). Digital literacy: A conceptual framework for survival skills in the digital era. Journal of educational multimedia and hypermedia, 13(1), 93-106.

Glover, Ian, (2014), Reflection: An Approach to Teaching and Learning, retrieved from

Gorhe, Manasi, (2019), Impact of social media on Academic Performance of Students, 10.131140/RG.2.2.21427687, retrieved from

Gray, Laura, (2018), Reflective Learning: Definition, Style and Theory, retrieved from

Heitin, Liana, (2016), Digital Literacy: An Evolving Defintion, retrieved from

IGI Global, (2018), What is Technology Literacy, retrived from

Jisc, (2016), Digital Capabilities: The Six Elements, retrieved from

Kelly, Grace, (2017), Two Heads are Better Than One, International Teacher Magazine, retrieved from

Kim, Ellen (2016) Reasons Why Some Teachers Still Aren’t Embracing the Use of Technology in the Classroom, retrieved from

Mareco, Danny (2017), Reasons Today’s Students Need Technology in the Classroom, retrieved from

National Association for Media Literacy Education, (2018), Media Literacy Defined, retrieved from

Pálsdóttir, Á. (2019). Advantages and disadvantages of printed and electronic study material: perspectives of university students Information Research, 24(2), paper 828. Retrieved from (Archived by WebCite® at

PLB (Professional Learning Board), (2018), How Can Teachers Practice a Reflective Approach To Teaching and Learning?. retrieved from

Rutherford, Stephen, (2014), Collaborative Learning, Nova Science Publishers, retrieved from

Thoughtful Learning, (2018), What are Literacy Skills?, retrieved from

Western Sydney University, (2018), What is Digital Literacy?, retrieved from

WNET Education, (2014), Concept to Classroom – What is Constructivism, retrieved from